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Al-Tasrif

    Image:Zahrawi1.png|thumb|150px|right|Illustration of medieval Muslim surgical instruments from physician Abulcasis|Abu'l Qasim al-Zahrawi's 11th century medical encyclopedia:: ''Kitab al-Tasrif''
    The Kitab al-Tasrif (The Method of Medicine) was an influential medical Arabic treatise on medicine and surgery written near the year 1000 CE by Abu al-Qasim (Abulcasis) the "father of modern surgery" The 30-volume work includes anatomical descriptions classifications of diseases information on nutrition and surgery and sections on medicine orthopaedics ophthalmology pharmacology and nutrition
    In the Western world the book was known by the Latin title Concessio ei data qui componere haud valet For at least five centuries it remained an important medical practice guide for doctors and surgeons in both the Islamic world and medieval Europe

    Content

    The Kitab al-Tasrif covered a broad range of medical topics including dentistry and childbirth which contained data that had accumulated during a career that spanned almost 50 years of training teaching and practice In it he also wrote of the importance of a positive doctor-patient relationship and wrote affectionately of his students whom he referred to as "my children" He also emphasised the importance of treating patients irrespective of their social status He encouraged the close observation of individual cases in order to make the most accurate diagnosis and the best possible treatment
    Not always properly credited Abu Al-Qasim's al-Tasrif described both what would later became known as "Kocher's method" for treating a dislocated shoulder and "Walcher position" in obstetrics Al-Tasrif described how to ligature blood vessels before Ambroise Paré and was the first recorded book to document several dental devices and explain the hereditary nature of haemophilia

    Influence

    on surgical and medical instruments
    Al-Tasrif was later translated into Latin by Gerard of Cremona in the 12th century and illustrated For perhaps five centuries during the European Middle Ages it was the primary source for European medical knowledge and served as a reference for doctors and surgeons
    In the 14th century French surgeon Guy de Chauliac quoted al-Tasrif over 200 times Pietro Argallata (d. 1453) described Abu al-Qasim as "without doubt the chief of all surgeons" In an earlier work he is credited to be the first to describe ectopic pregnancy in 963 in those days a fatal affliction Abu Al-Qasim's influence continued for at least five centuries extending into the Renaissance evidenced by al-Tasrif's frequent reference by French surgeon Jaques Delechamps (1513-1588)

    External links