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Apis dorsata laboriosa

    Apis dorsata laboriosa, the Himalayan honey bee, is a giant honey bee. It is presently classified as a subspecies of the widespread Apis dorsata, the Giant honey bee (Engel, 1999). However, it is highly adapted to its highland habitat in behavior and there has evidently been little gene flow between it and A. dorsata for millions of years; some consider this evidence that it should be classified as a species (Arias & Sheppard 2005).
    Largely limited to the Himalayas, it is one of the more plesiomorphic honeybees and the largest taxon in its genus. These build single-combed nests in the open and usually occur in warm climates.

    Sources

    • (2005): Phylogenetic relationships of honey bees (Hymenoptera:Apinae:Apini) inferred from nuclear and mitochondrial DNA sequence data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 37(1): 25–35. . Erratum in Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 40(1): 315.
    • (1999): The taxonomy of recent and fossil honey bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae: Apis). Journal of Hymenoptera Research 8: 165-196.