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Artificial respiration

    '''Artificial respiration''' is a technique for providing air for a person who is not breathing on their own but whose heart is still beating The provider breathes into the other person's lungs preferably with the assistance of a barrier device
    Artificial respiration is part of performing cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) but is also performed separately especially in near-drowning and similar situations Artificial respiration is an essential skill in first aid


    is tilted backward The rescuer closes he nose with one hand while pushing the chin downward with the other hand to keep the patient's mouth openInsulfation is the act of mechanically forcing air into a patient's respiratory system Insulfations must only be provided to patients in a state of respiratory arrest; do not provide insulfations to a weakly breathing patient If you cannot detect the breath of the patient and when reporting has been properly done you can start artificial respiration
    Ideally one should never blow into an unknown body for fear of projections of bodily fluids (blood vomit etc); thus if you have a CPR mask or even a cotton handkerchief use them to protect yourself Cheap keyring-sized CPR masks are available in most pharmacies However chances are that you will find yourself unequipped; do your best with what you have
    mask This will allow clean and efficient insuflations as well as direct connection to an oxygen bottleStart by giving two insulfations These can help a nearly breathing patient recover spontaneous respiration
    • Tilt back the head of the patient to extend his airways; the head will remain in this position on itself you do not have to maintain it so.
    • Open the jaw of the patient by pulling on his chin
     In some cases (like some cases of epilepsy) the muscles of the patients are so contracted that it is impossible to open the mouth You will then have to dislocate the jaw to open the mouth It is important to do so for fear of the patient swallowing his own tongue The dislocation is reversible (will not leave permanent injuries)
    • Close the nose of the patient with your free hand
    • Take a deep breath put your mouth on the mouth of the patient in an airtight manner and blow into the mouth of the patient

    When you have given two insulfations check the carotidian pulse of the patient while keeping an eye on his respiration Chances are that
    • The patient might have recovered spontaneous respiration thanks to your insulfations
    • The patient might be in a state of cardio-respiratory arrest

    If the patient has recovered spontaneous respiration put him in recovery position cover him and monitor his respiration on a regular basis until a mobile medical unit arrives
    If the patient is in a state of cardio-respiratory arrest you will have to perform CPR


    Typical view of the defibrillator operator
    The leader is at the head of the patient administrating oxygen Note how the head of the patient in secured between the leader's knees The defibrillation patches are onDepending on your training and environment you might have medical oxygen sets at your disposal If a patient is in a state of respiratory arrest use a 100% mask (airtight mask) and an air balloon This will help you ventilate the patient with pure oxygen while "manual" insulfations with only 10% oxygen to the patient
    A patient whose lungs are full of pure oxygen can stay in apnea for nearly 30 minutes (half an hour) Thus pure oxygen is a great help which will allow you to perform urgent duty and leave the patient for a few minutes if necessary
    The task of administrating oxygen with a balloon is not very demanding and requires only one hand Thus this task can advantageously be achieved by the leader of the intervention unit who will then keep his mind free and being at the head of the patient have a good view of the overall situation The head of the patient can be secured between the knees of the oxygen operator
    See mechanical ventilation for a detailed discussion from the medical perspective
    See also cardiopulmonary resuscitation and medical emergency