The Centre Georges Pompidou
(constructed 1971 - 1977) is a building in the Beaubourg area of Paris
, near Les Halles and the Marais. Designed by Renzo Piano, Richard Rogers and Gianfranco Franchini, it houses the Bibliothèque publique d'information, a vast public library, and the Musée National d'Art Moderne. Some of the art movements
represented are Fauvism
and Abstract Expressionism. The museum has 50,000 works of art
(including painting, sculpture, drawing, and photography), of which 1,500 to 2,000 are on public display.
The building structure is very distinctive: it has been described by critics as "an oil refinery
in the centre of the city". The coloured external piping is the special feature of the building. Air conditioning ducts are blue, water pipes
are green and electricity lines are yellow. Escalators are red. White ducts are ventilation shafts for the underground areas. Even the steel
beam that make up the Pompidou Centre's framework are on the outside.
The intention of the architects was to place the various service elements (electricity, water etc.) outside of the building's framework and therefore turn the building "inside out". The arrangement also allows an uncluttered internal space for the dispay of art works, drawing on ideas promulgated by Cedric Price's Fun Palace project (1964).
The Centre is named after Georges Pompidou, who was president of France from 1969 to 1974, and was opened on January 31, 1977.
Organisationally it is linked to IRCAM.
The Place Georges Pomidou in front of the museum is noted for the presence of street acts such as mimes and jugglers.
Public transport: metro Rambuteau
, Les Halles
, RER Chatelet-les-Halles
- Official site : http://www.cnac-gp.fr/
- BPI site : http://www.bpi.fr/
- Photographs of the Centre Pompidou : http://www.insecula.com/musee/M0128.html