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Dnieper-Donets culture

    Image:European Late Neolithic.gif|thumb|300px|The Dnieper-Donets culture (marked orange) in the context of early 4th millennium Europe Dnieper-Donets culture ca. 5th—4th millenium BC. A neolithic (stone age) culture in the area north of the Black Sea/Sea of Azov between the Dnieper and Donets River
    It was a hunter-gatherer culture that made the transition to early agriculture
    Inhumation was in grave pits with the deceased being covered in ochre Burial was sometimes individual but larger groupings are more common with burials being done sequentially in the same grave
    There are parallels with the contemporaneous Samara culture and a larger horizon from the lower half of Dnieper to the mid-to-lower Volga has been drawn particularly by the advocates of the Kurgan hypothesis as expounded by Marija Gimbutas No evidence can be given for linguistic identity but some effort has been expended to describe the physical remains recovered from graves as typically Europoid seeking a genetic basis for assigning these people to the Indo-European stock or at least as a stock who underwent language replacement
    Minus a western extension to the middle Dniester down to the mouth of the Danube it occupied the western third of that of the later Yamna culture

    Sources

    James P. Mallory "Dnieper-Donets Culture" Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture Fitzroy Dearborn 1997