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Julleuchter

    The Julleuchter (Yule Lantern or Yule Candlestick) is a ceramic candleholder and is used to celebrate the Vernal Equinox Mid-Summer Autumnal Equinox and Mid-Winter Mid-Summer has been Christianized as the feast of Saint John the Baptist and Mid-Winter has been Christianized as the birth of Jesus Christ Julleuchters became unpopular as Christianity spread and were only used in small communities that held on to their pagan beliefs

    Cultural significance

    Symbolized in the form of the " Midnight Mountain" this item follows the ancient customs from East Frisia to Scandinavia This small light has been used as a memento of the "Year of the Great Migrations" of the people of the north & as the small light of humanity under the stars of the night sky When used during the 2 Solstice periods of the year this is a symbol of the victory of Light over the Darkness and also as a token of Eternal Circulation The Norse Rune of Faith and a heart that represents the spirit or soul are visible on all four sides It stands for an inseparable community its conscious and attitude It is used as a symbol of the sunlight never going out

    How it is used

    During the Vernal Equinox the holiday of Ostary (Ostara-Feier) which symbolizes the revival of the sun a candle is lit in the lower part of the Julleuchter and is then transferred to the upper position During the Summer Solstice (Mittsommer-Feier) the holiday that symbolizes the sun which entered the total force (god of bal’dura) A candle only burns at the top of the Julleuchter During the Autumnal Equinox or Autumnal Ting (Herbst-Thing) the holiday which symbolizes the beginning of niskhozhdeniya of the sun in the worlds of other A candle is lit at the top of the Julleuchter and transferred downward During the Winter Equinox the holiday of Yol what is now known as The 12 Days of Christmas twelve candles are used One is used each night symbolizing the twelve months until the 31 of December when the "July Moon shines" On that night a thirteenth candle is used for the new coming month of January The candles always burn below but on the last night the candle is again transferred upward- this is the sun which is spilled in order to return to the earth from the gloom of another peace

    Origins

    The Julleuchter's development and contemporary use is the result of German efforts and research dating from around the early to mid 1900's; its origins and application in antiquity are cloaked in deep and holy mystery and remain a matter of debate to this day Its common design is originally based on artifacts found at an archeological dig in/ around Haithabu (Hedeby) now belonging to Germany and is attributed to the Frisians who once settled there Of course given the demographics of the area it could likewise be any of a small number of Germanic tribes including the Saxons and Angles who may have been ultimately responsible for its originHerman Wirth a German historical researcher diligently worked to foster links between the Julleuchter and the 'eternally burning lamps of Fasta' as described in the Oera Linda Book- supposedly a Frisian historical chronicle which was passed down through successive generations- it was first 'discovered' in 1820 by a Frisian Over de Linden among his grandfather's effects shortly following his death It was later publicly revealed in 1871 too much controversy- controversy which continues todayas for the validity of the document well that seems to be the center of the controversy itself The Oera Linda was almost immediately dismissed as a fake In the 1930's Wirth put forth his 'own translation' which is the one nearly all of today's English translations are based upon A great deal of his work seems tied to the Oera-Linda as well as the Julleuchter though his claims have been met with harsh criticisms and speculation over the years and like the Frisian antiquarians/historians before him many of his fellow researchers and others within academic circles then and since then maintain that the work is a hoax denouncing it as fraudulent

    History

    The Julleuchter was mentioned in the Swedish magazine “Runa” in 1888 It described a Julleuchter from the 16th Century that is today in a museum in Holland In 1933 an article about the Julleuchter by Germanom FVirtom was published in the Germany which helped popularize it once again This article described a Julleuchter in the Norwegian royal museum in Stockholm
    In a 1936 memorandum Reichsfuhrer Heinrich Himmler set forth a list of approved holidays based on pagan and political precedents and ment to wean SS members from their reliance on Christian festivities The list included April 20, May Day the Summer Solstice and the November 9 Beer Hall Putsh anniversary Climaxing the year in Himmler’s scheme was the Winter Solstice or Yuletide an event that brought SS folk together at candlelit banquet tables and around raging bonfires that harked back to German tribal rites
    In January 1936 the SS Porzellan Manufaktur Allach was created in Munich under the control of Heinrich Himmler High-ranking artists were locked into contract The program of the factory included over 240 porcelain and ceramic models Due to a rapid expansion of the enterprise the factory was not able to meet production so in October 1937 a part of production was shifted to the SS-operated Dachau concentration camp Originally the Allach factory manufactured only art ceramic like plates jugs and vases but in the war years they also produced simple utensils like ointment containers and cafeteria table-ware Special occasion gift items for loyal SS supporters were also made and given away at dinner parties and other events Starting from 1941 German civilians and about 50 prisoners of the Dachau concentration camp were employed with production of art and porcelain Dachau remained the main location for fine porcelain manufacture even after the original factory in Allach was modernized and reopened The factory in Allach was instead retrofitted for the production of ceramic products such as household pottery The fall of the Third Reich brought an end to the Allach concern The Allach factories were shut down in 1945 and never reopened
    Allach was a sub-camp of Dachau near Munich located approximately 10 miles from the main camp at Dachau According to Marcus J. Smith who wrote "Dachau: The Harrowing of Hell" the Allach camp was divided into two enclosures one for 3000 Jewish inmates and the other for 6000 non-Jewish prisoners Smith was a doctor in the US military assigned to take over the care of the prisoners after the liberation He wrote that the typhus epidemic had not reached Allach until April 22, 1945 about a week before the camp was liberated
    An article about the Julleuchter was published in the German magazine “Germanien” in December 1936 Pagan and cultural information along with information about the Allach production of the Julleuchter was given Another article was published in “SS-Leitheft Jahrgang 7 Folge 8a” about the Julleuchter and the 2 Solstice periods of the year
    Allach porcelain made a variety of candle holders ranging from elaborate gilded baroque candelabras to the most basic plain white porcelain single candle holder Production numbers for most candleholders were above average for other Allach items indicating popularity and interest among the German people The varying styles and cost of the candleholders produced at Allach allowed most Germans of every class to own them The Allach Julleuchter was unique in that it was made as presentation piece for SS officers to celebrate the winter solstice It was later given to all SS members on the same occasion Made of unglazed stoneware the Julleuchter was decorated with early pagan Germanic symbols Himmler said “I would have every family of a married SS man to be in possession of a Julleuchter Even the wife will when she has left the myths of the church find something else which her heart and mind can embrace” During WW2 Julleuchters were also used at SS wedding ceremonies and some were given to family members of SS soldiers that were killed in action Production numbers in 1939 alone were a staggering 52635 certainly a record for any single item produced at the Porzellan Manufaktur Allach

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