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Lengyel culture

    The '''Lengyel culture''' ca. 5000—3400 BC, was an archaeological culture located in the area of modern-day south Moravia southwestern and southern Slovakia western Hungary and sections of Poland Austria and Slovenia
    It was a successor to the Linear Band Ware culture and in its northern extent overlapped the somewhat later but otherwise approximately contemporaneous Funnelbeaker culture
    Agriculture and stock raising (mainly cattle but also pigs and to a lesser extent ovicaprids) was practiced though a large number of wild faunal remains have also been recovered Settlements consisted of small houses as well as the apparently cultic longhouses encountered in the earlier Linear Band Ware sites; these settlements were sometimes open sometimes surrounded by a defensive ditch
    Inhumation was in separate cemeteries in the flexed position with apparently no preference for which side the deceased was laid out in.
    It was associated with the cover-term Old Europe by Marija Gimbutas though may have been undergone "kurganization" by Indo-European elements and become integrated into the successor Globular Amphora culture

    See also


    Sources and external links

    • James P. Mallory "Lengyel Culture" Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture Fitzroy Dearborn 1997
    • The Lengyel Culture Sphere by Maximilian O. Baldia