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List of biologists

    This is a list of notable biologists It includes zoologists botanists ornithologists malacologists naturalists and other specialities
    Do not add names unless there is also a biography available

    A

    • Humayun Abdulali (1914-2001) Indian ornithologist
    • Johann Friedrich Adam (18th cent - 1806) Russian botanist
    • Michel Adanson (1727-1806) French naturalist
    • Louis Agassiz (1807-1873) zoologist
    • Alexander Agassiz (1835-1910) zoologist
    • William Aiton (1731-1793) Scottish botanist
    • Boyd Alexander (1973-1910) English ornithologist
    • Horace Alexander (1889-1989) English ornithologist
    • Wilfred Backhouse Alexander (1885-1965) English ornithologist
    • Alfred William Alcock (1859-1933) British naturalist
    • Salim Ali (1896-1987) Indian ornithologist
    • Frédéric-Louis Allamand (1736 - ? 1803) Swiss botanist
    • Joel Asaph Allen (1838-1921) birds mammals
    • José Alberto de Oliveira Anchieta (1832-1897) Portuguese naturalist
    • Jakob Johan Adolf Appellöf (1857-1921) Swedish marine zoologist
    • Aristotle (384 BC-322 BC) Greek philosopher
    • Peter Artedi (1705-1735) Swedish naturalist
    • Jean Baptiste Audebert (1759-1800) French naturalist
    • Jean Victoire Audouin (1797-1841) French zoologist
    • John James Audubon (1786-1851) American ornithologist
    • Richard Axel (b. 1946) Nobel prize winning physiologist
    • Joseph Ayers marine neurophysiologist and biomimetic researcher

    B

    Ba-Be

    • Churchill Babington (1831-1881) British archaeologist and conchologist
    • Curt Backeberg (1894-1966) German botanist
    • Karl Ernst von Baer (1792-1876) embryology
    • Liberty Hyde Bailey (1858-1954)American botanist
    • Spencer Fullerton Baird (1823-1887) birds and mammals
    • John Hutton Balfour (1808-1884) Scottish botanist
    • David Baltimore (1938- ), Nobel prize
    • Joseph Banks (1743-1820) biologist botanist
    • Philip Barker Webb (1793-1854) English botanist
    • Benjamin Smith Barton (1766-1815) American botanist
    • John Bartram (1699-1777) American botanist
    • William Bartram (1739-1823) American naturalist
    • Anton de Bary (1831-1888) surgeon botanist microbiologist
    • Henry Walter Bates (1825-1892) English naturalist
    • Patrick Bateson biologist President of the ZSL
    • Nicolas Baudin (1754-1803) French botanist
    • Gaspard Bauhin biologist
    • Johann Matthäus Bechstein (1757-1822) German naturalist
    • Rollo Beck (1870-1950) US ornithologist
    • Charles Emerson Beecher (1856-1904) US invertebrate paleontologist
    • Charles William Beebe (1877-1962) biologist
    • David Bellamy (born 1933) English botanist
    • George Bentham (1800-1884) English botanist
    • Robert Bentley (1821-1893) English botanist
    • Claude Bernard (1813-1878) French physiologist and father of the concept of homeostasis
    • Samuel Stillman Berry (1887-1984) US marine zoologist
    • Thomas Bewick (1753-1828) English ornithologist
    • Colin Bibby (1948-2004) English ornithologist
    • Biswamoy Biswas (1923-1994) Indian ornithologist

    Bl-Bu

    • Liz Blackburn - Australian/US discoverer of telomeres
    • Henri Marie Ducrotay de Blainville (1777-1850) French zoologist
    • Thomas Blakiston (1832-1891) English naturalist
    • William Thomas Blanford (1832-1905) English naturalist
    • Pieter Bleeke (1819-1878) Dutch ichthyologist
    • Günter Blobel German Nobel Prize-winning biologist
    • Carl Ludwig Blume (1789-1862) German-Dutch botanist
    • Johann Friedrich Blumenbach (1752-1840) German physiologist and anthropologist
    • Edward Blyth (1810-1873) English zoologist
    • Pieter Boddaert (1730-1795 or 1796) naturalist
    • Charles Lucien Bonaparte (1803-1857) French naturalist
    • James Bond (1900-1989) American ornithologist
    • Franco Andrea Bonelli (1784-1830) Italian ornithologist
    • Aimé Bonpland (1773-1858) French botanist
    • Louis Augustin Guillaume Bosc (1759-1828) French zoologist
    • George Albert Boulenger (1858-1937) Belgian zoologist
    • Jules Bourcier (1797-1873) French naturalist
    • Mathurin Jacques Brisson (1723-1806) French zoologist
    • Johann Friedrich von Brandt (1802-1879) German naturalist
    • Christian Ludwig Brehm (1787-1864) German ornithologist
    • Alfred Brehm (1829-1884) German zoologist
    • Thomas Mayo Brewer (1814-1880) American naturalist
    • William Brewster (1851-1919) American ornithologist
    • Nathaniel Lord Britton (1859-1934) US Botanist
    • Adolphe Theodore Brongniart (1801-1876) French botanist
    • Robert Brown (1773-1858)
    • Morten Thrane Brunnich (1737-1827) Danish zoologist
    • Stephen L. Buchmann co-author of Forgotten Pollinators
    • Linda B. Buck (born 1947) American physiologist Nobel prize winner
    • Samuel Botsford Buckley (1809-1884) American naturalist
    • Buffon (1707-1788) French naturalist
    • William Bullock (1773-1849) English naturalist
    • Walter Buller (1838-1906) New Zealand naturalist
    • James Bulwer (1794-1879) English naturalist and conchologist
    • Alexander G. von Bunge (1803-1890) German-Russian zoologist
    • Luther Burbank (1849-1926) American horticulturalist

    C

    • Jean Cabanis (1816-1906) German ornithologist
    • George Caley (1770-1829) English botanist
    • Frederick Campion Steward (1904-1993) British botanist
    • Augustin Pyrame de Candolle (1778-1841) Swiss botanist
    • Elie-Abel Carrière (1818-1896) French botanist
    • Rachel Carson (1907-1964) biologist author of Silent Spring
    • George Washington Carver (1860-1943) US botanist
    • John Cassin (1813-1869) American ornithologist
    • Mark Catesby (1683-1749) English naturalist
    • Francesco Cetti (1726-1778) Italian zoologist
    • Min Chueh Chang (1908-1991) biologist
    • Frank Michler Chapman (1864-1945) ornithologist
    • Carl Chun (1852-1914) German marine biologist
    • Stanley Cohen biologist
    • Henry Boardman Conover (1892-1950) US ornithologist
    • James Graham Cooper (1830-1902) American naturalist
    • William Cooper (1798-1864) American conchologist
    • Edward Drinker Cope (1840-1897) fish reptiles paleontology
    • Charles B. Cory (1857-1921) American ornithologist
    • Elliott Coues (1842-1899) US ornithologist
    • Marjorie Courtenay-Latimer (1907-2004) South African zoologist
    • Jacques Cousteau French marine biologist and explorer
    • Philipp Jakob Cretzschmar (1786-1845) German zoologist
    • Francis Crick (born 1916) DNA scientist
    • Allan Cunningham (1791-1839) English botanist
    • William Curtis (1746-1799) English botanist
    • Georges Cuvier (1769-1832) French naturalist

    D

    • Anders Dahl (1751-1789) (namesake of the Dahlia)
    • WH Dall (1845-1927) American naturalist and malacologist
    • Charles Darwin (1809-1882) British evolutionist
    • Erasmus Darwin (1731-1802) doctor naturalist grandfather of Charles
    • Armand David (1826-1900) French zoologist and botanist
    • Richard Dawkins (born 1941) British evolutionary biologist
    • Anton de Bary (1831-1888) German botanist and mycologist
    • Pierre Antoine Delalande (1787-1823) French naturalist
    • Max Delbrück German biologist
    • Richard Dell (1920-2002) New Zealand malacologist
    • Paul Émile de Puydt (1810-1888) Belgian botanist
    • Jean Louis Armand de Quatrefages de Breau French naturalist
    • René Louiche Desfontaines (1750-1833) French botanist
    • Anselme Gaëtan Desmarest (1784-1838) French zoologist
    • Ernst Dieffenbach (1811-1855) German naturalist
    • Johann Jacob Dillenius (1684-1747) German botanist
    • Theodosius Dobzhansky (1900-1975) biologist
    • Rembert Dodoens (1517-1585) Flemish botanist
    • David Don (1799-1841) British botanist
    • Alcide d'Orbigny (1802-1857) French naturalist
    • Jean Dorst (1924-2001) French ornithologist
    • David Douglas (1799-1834) Scottish botanist
    • Jonas C. Dryander (1748-1810) Swedish botanist
    • Renato Dulbecco biologist
    • Robin Dunbar (born 1947) biologist
    • Gerald Durrell (1925-1995) British naturalist
    • Leonardo Da Vinci known as an artist but mostly a biologist Dissected hundreds of specimens and drew exact copies of it

    E

    • Sylvia Earle biologist
    • Gerald Edelman (born 1929) Nobel Prize for immunology work later work in neuroscience
    • George Edwards (1693-1773) British naturalist
    • Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg (1795-1876) German biologist and microscopist
    • Paul Ehrlich (1854-1915) German Nobel Prize-winning immunologist
    • Daniel Giraud Elliot (1835-1915) American zoologist
    • Stephan Ladislaus Endlicher (1804-1849) Austrian botanist
    • George Engelmann (1809-1884) German-American botanist
    • Johann Christian Polycarp Erxleben (1744-1777) German naturalist
    • Johann Friedrich von Eschscholtz (1793-1831) Baltic German biologist and explorer namesake of the California poppy
    • Constantin von Ettingshausen (1826-1897) Austrian botanist
    • Thomas Campbell Eyton (1809-1880) English naturalist

    F

    • Jean Henri Fabre (1823-1915) French entomologist
    • Johan Christian Fabricius (1745-1808) Danish entomologist
    • Hugh Falconer (1808-1865) Scottish paleontologist
    • Leonardo Fea (1852-1903) Italian zoologist
    • Christoph Feldegg (1780-1845) Austrian naturalist
    • Howard Barraclough Fell1917-1994) English zoologist
    • Otto Finsch (1839-1917) German naturalist
    • Johann Fischer von Waldheim (1771-1853) German entomologist
    • James Fisher (1922-1970) English ornithologist
    • Ronald Fisher (1890-1962) British biologist and statistician one of the founders of population genetics
    • Jim Flegg British ornithologist
    • Alexander Fleming (1881-1955) British medical scientist
    • Thomas Bainbrigge Fletcher (?) English entomologist
    • Howard Walter Florey co-inventor of penicillin
    • EB Ford (1901-1988) British ecological geneticist
    • Peter Forsskål (1732-1763) Swedish naturalist
    • Georg Forster (1754-1794) German naturalist
    • Johann Reinhold Forster (1729-1798) German naturalist
    • Robert Fortune (1813-1880) Scottish botanist
    • Dian Fossey (1932-1985) zoologist
    • Rosalind Franklin (1920-1958) contributor to the discovery of the structure of DNA
    • Elias Magnus Fries (1794-1878) (one of the founders of modern mushroom taxonomy)
    • Imre Frivaldszky (1799-1870) Hungarian botanist
    • Louis Agassiz Fuertes (1874-1927) American ornithologist

    G

    • François Gagnepain (1866-1952) French botanist
    • Joseph Paul Gaimard (1796-1858) French naturalist
    • William Gambel (1823-1849) American naturalist
    • Prosper Garnot (1794-1838) French naturalist
    • Charles Gaudichaud-Beaupré (1789-1854) French botanist
    • Howard Scott Gentry (1903-1993) American botanist
    • Charles Frédéric Girard (1822-1895) French biologist ichthyologist herpetologist
    • Johann Friedrich Gmelin (1748-1804) German naturalist
    • Johann Georg Gmelin (1709-1755) German naturalist
    • Frederick DuCane Godman (1834-1919) English naturalist
    • Samuel Gottlieb Gmelin (1744-1774) German botanist
    • Frederick DuCane Godman (1834-1919) English ornithologist
    • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749-1832) (part-time;)
    • Jane Goodall (born 1934) US zoologist
    • Philip Henry Gosse (1810-1888) English naturalist
    • John Gould (1804-1881) English ornithologist
    • Stephen Jay Gould (1941-2002) US paleontologist
    • Pierre-Paul Grassé (1895-1985) French zoologist
    • Asa Gray (1810-1888) US botanist
    • George Robert Gray (1808-1872) English zoologist
    • JE Gray (1800-1875) British zoologist
    • Andrew Jackson Grayson (1819-1869) American ornithologist
    • Edward Grey 1st Viscount Grey of Fallodon (1862-1933) British ornithologist
    • Pavel Groselj (1883-1940) biologists and belletrist
    • Felix Edouard Guerin-Meneville (1799-1874) French entomologist
    • Johann Anton Güldenstädt (1745-1781) German naturalist
    • Johann Ernst Gunnerus (1718-1773) Norwegian botanist
    • Albert C. L. G. Günther (1830–1914) British/German zoologist
    • Guranda Gvaladze (born 1932) Georgian botanist

    H

    • Ernst Haeckel (1834-1919) German physician
    • Hermann August Hagen (1817-1893) German entomologist
    • J B. S. Haldane (1892-1964) biologist
    • Christopher A. Hall
    • William Donald Hamilton (1936-2000) British biologist
    • Thomas Hardwicke (1755-1835) English naturalist
    • Ernst Hartert (1859-1933) German ornithologist
    • Gustav Hartlaub (1814-1900) German zoologist
    • Hans Hass (born 1919) Austrian biologist
    • Frederik Hasselquist (1722-1752) Swedish naturalist
    • Arthur Hay 9th Marquess of Tweeddale (1824-1878) English ornithologist
    • Wilhelm Hemprich (1796-1825) German naturalist
    • Willi Hennig (1913-1976) German biologist founder of cladistics
    • John Stevens Henslow (1796-1861) English botanist
    • Brian Houghton Hodgson (1800-1894) English naturalist
    • Jacques Bernard Hombron (1798-1852) French naturalist
    • Leroy Hood (1939- ), MD PhD American biochemist developed high speed automated DNA sequencer
    • Robert Hooke (1635-1703) British scholar
    • Joseph Dalton Hooker (1817-1911) British botanist
    • William Jackson Hooker (1785-1865) British botanist
    • Thomas Horsfield (1773-1859) American naturalist
    • Albert Howard (1873-1947) British botanist
    • Eliot Howard (1873-1940) English ornithologist
    • Sarah Blaffer Hrdy biologist
    • François Huber (1750-1831) Swiss naturalist
    • William Henry Hudson (1841-1922) Argentinian-British ornithologist
    • Alexander von Humboldt (1769-1859) German naturalist
    • Allan Octavian Hume (1829-1912) British ornithologist
    • Rob Hume British ornithologist
    • Thomas Henry Huxley (1825-1895) British scientist
    • Alpheus Hyatt (1838-1902) US neo-Lamarckian
    • Libbie Hyman (1888-1969) zoologist

    I

    • Hermann von Ihering (1850-1930) German naturalist
    • Johann Karl Wilhelm Illiger (1775-1813) German entomologist
    • Jan Ingenhousz (1730-1799) Dutch-born British botanist
    • Tom Iredale (1880-1972) English conchologist and ornithologist
    • Paul Erdmann Isert (1756-1789) German botanist

    J

    • François Jacob (born 1920) French biologist Nobel Prize
    • William Jardine (1800-1874) Scottish naturalist
    • Feliks Pawel Jarocki (1790-1865) Polish zoologist
    • Thomas C. Jerdon (1811-1872) British zoologist and botanist
    • Wilhelm Johannsen (1857-1927) (coined the term gene)
    • David Starr Jordan (1851-1931) ichthyologist 1st president of Stanford
    • Adrien-Henri de Jussieu (1797-1853) French botanist
    • Antoine de Jussieu (1686-1758) French naturalist
    • Antoine Laurent de Jussieu (1748-1836) botanist biologist
    • Bernard de Jussieu (1699-1777) French naturalist
    • Ernest Everett Just biologist

    K

    • Pehr Kalm (1716-1779) Swedish botanist
    • Motoderu Kamo cultivated kimjongilia
    • Gustav Karl Wilhelm Hermann Karsten (1817-1908) German botanist
    • Stuart Kauffman biologist
    • Johann Jakob Kaup (1803-1873) German naturalist
    • Janet Kear (1933-2004) English ornithologist
    • Motoo Kimura biologist
    • Norman Boyd Kinnear (1882-1957) Scottish zoologist
    • William Kirby (1759-1850) English entomologist
    • Heinrich von Kittlitz (1799-1874) German naturalist
    • Karl Koch (1809-1879) German botanist
    • Robert Koch (1843-1910) German Nobel Prize-winning physician and bacteriologist
    • Alexander Koenig (1858-1940) German naturalist
    • Albert von Kolliker (1817-1905) Swiss physiologist
    • Charles Konig (1774-1851) German naturalist
    • Arthur Kornberg (born 1918) discovered DNA polymerase
    • Heinrich Kuhl (1797-1821) German zoologist

    L

    • Henri Laborit (1914-1995) French surgeon and physiologist
    • Bernard Germain Etienne de la Ville Comte de Lacepede (1756-1825) French naturalist
    • David Lack (1910-1973) British ornithologist
    • Frédéric de Lafresnaye (1783-1861) French ornithologist
    • Jean-Baptiste Lamarck (1744-1829) coiner of the term biology
    • Hugh Lamprey (1928-1996) British ecologist
    • John Latham (1740-1837) English naturalist
    • Pierre André Latreille (1762-1833) French entomologist
    • George Newbold Lawrence (1806-1855) American ornithologist
    • William Elford Leach (1790-1836) English zoologist and marine biologist
    • Louis Leakey (1903-1972) British archaeologist
    • Joseph Le Conte (1823-1901) physiologist
    • Antoni van Leeuwenhoek (1632-1723) developer of the microscope
    • Joseph Leidy (1823-1891) US paleontologist
    • Johann Philipp Achilles Leisler (1771-1813) Dutch naturalist
    • Juan Lembeye (1816-1889) Spanish naturalist
    • Jean Baptiste Leschenault de la Tour (1773-1826) French botanist
    • Rene Primevere Lesson (1794-1849) French naturalist
    • Charles Alexandre Lesueur (1778-1846) French naturalist
    • François Le Vaillant (1753-1824) french ornithologist
    • Richard Lewontin biologist
    • Emmanuel Liais (1826-1900) French botanist
    • Martin Lichtenstein (1780-1867) German zoologist
    • Aristid Lindenmayer biologist
    • John Lindley (1799-1865) English botanist
    • Carolus Linnaeus (1707-1778) father of taxonomy
    • Jacques Loeb (1859-1924) German-American biologist
    • Friedrich Loeffler (1852-1915) German biologist
    • Konrad Lorenz (1903-1989) Austrian founder of ethology
    • Harri Lorenzi Brazilian botanist
    • John Loudon (1783-1843) English botanist
    • James Lovelock (born 1919) English chemist and father of the gaia hypothesis
    • Anatole Stephan Loukashkin (1902-1988) biologist
    • Percy Lowe (1870-1948) English ornithologist
    • Salvador Luria microbiologist
    • Richard Lydekker (1849-1915) English naturalist
    • Trofim Lysenko (1898-1976) Soviet biologist and agronomist

    M

    Ma-Mi

    • John Macadam (1827-1865) Scottish-born Australian botanist
    • William MacGillivray (1796-1852) Scottish naturalist
    • Marcello Malpighi biologist
    • Lynn Margulis (born 1938) American microbiologist
    • Alberto della Marmora (1789-1863) Italian naturalist
    • Othniel Charles Marsh (1831-1899) paleontology
    • Carl Friedrich Philipp von Martius (1794-1868) German botanist
    • John Martyn (1699-1768) English botanist
    • Francis Masson (1741-1805?) Scottish botanist
    • George Mathews (1876-1949) Australian ornithologist
    • Paul Matschie (1861-1926) German zoologist
    • William Diller Matthew (1871-1930) American paleontologist
    • Polly Matzinger Immunologist
    • Carl Maximowicz (1827-1891) Russian botanist
    • Harold Maxwell-Lefroy (1877-1925) English entomologist
    • Ernst Mayr (born 1904) evolutionary biologist
    • Barbara McClintock (1902-1992) biologist
    • James V. McConnell (1925-1990) American biological psychologist
    • Edmund Meade-Waldo (1855-1934) English ornithologist
    • Gregor Mendel discoverer of heredity
    • Edouard Menetries (1802-1861) French entomologist
    • Maud Leonora Menten biologist
    • Archibald Menzies (1754-1852) Scottish naturalist
    • John C. Merriam biologist
    • Franz Meyen (1804-1840) German botanist
    • August Karl Arnold Michaelis (1847-1916) chemist
    • Leonor Michaelis (1875-1949) biologist
    • André Michaux (1746-1802) French botanist
    • Aleksandr Fyodorovich Middendorf (1815-1894) Russian zoologist
    • Philip Miller (1691-1771) Scottish botanist
    • John Frederick Miller (1759-1796) English illustrator (primarily of botany)
    • Alphonse Milne-Edwards (1835-1900) French zoologist
    • Henri Milne-Edwards (1800-1885) French zoologist

    Mo-Mu

    • Paul Möhring (1710-1792) German naturalist
    • Juan Ignacio Molina (1740-1829) Chilean naturalist
    • Jacques Monod (1910-1976) geneticist
    • George Montagu (1753-1815) English naturalist
    • Luc Montagnier (born 1932) French discoverer of HIV
    • Rita Levi-Montalcini biologist
    • George Thomas Moore (1871-1956) US botanist
    • Alfred Moquin-Tandon (1804-1863) French naturalist
    • Thomas Hunt Morgan biologist
    • Desmond Morris (born 1928) British zoologist
    • Roger Morse professor researcher author on bees/beekeeping
    • Desmond Morris (born 1928) British biologist
    • Guy Mountfort (1905-2003) English ornithologist
    • Ferdinand von Mueller (1825-1896) German-Australian botanist
    • John Muir (1838-1914) US naturalist
    • Philipp Ludwig Statius Muller (1725-1776) German zoologist
    • Salomon Muller (1804-1864) Dutch naturalist
    • Kary Mullis (born 1944) biologist
    • Otto von Münchhausen (1716-1774) German botanist

    N

    • Gary Paul Nabhan (born 1952) co-author of Forgotten Pollinators
    • Karl Wilhelm von Nageli (1817-1891) Swiss botanist
    • Johann Friedrich Naumann (1780-1857) German founder of scientific ornithology
    • John Needham (1713-1781) English naturalist
    • Christian Gottfried Daniel Nees von Esenbeck (1776-1858) German botanist and zoologist
    • Charles F. Newcombe (1851-1924) British botanist
    • Alfred Newton (1829-1907) English zoologist
    • Margaret Morse Nice (1883-1974) American ornithologist
    • Henry Alleyne Nicholson (1844-1899) British zoologist
    • Alfred John North (1855-1917) Australian ornithologist
    • Thomas Nuttall (1786-1858) English botanist and zoologist

    O

    • William Ogilby (1808-1873) Irish naturalist
    • William Robert Ogilvie-Grant (1863-1924) Scottish ornithologist
    • Aleksandr Oparin (1894-1980) Russian biologist and biochemist
    • George Ord (1781-1866) American ornithologist
    • Eleanor Anne Ormerod (1828-1901) English entomologist
    • Henry Fairfield Osborn (1857-1935) eugenicist AMNH curator
    • Emile Oustalet (1844-1905) French zoologist
    • Richard Owen (1804-1892) biologist

    P

    • George Emil Palade (b. 1912) Romanian-American biologist discoverer of ribosomes Nobel Prize
    • Peter Simon Pallas (1741-1811) Russian zoologist
    • Edward Palmer (1829-1911) British botanist
    • Josif Pancic (1814-1888) Serbian botanist
    • Paracelsus (1493-1541) German alchemist
    • William Paterson (1755-1810) British botanist and explorer
    • Daniel Pauly biologist
    • Louis Pasteur (1822-1895) French biochemist
    • Titian Peale (1799-1885) American naturalist
    • Donald C. Peattie (1898-1964) US botanist
    • Jean-Marie Pelt (born 1933) French botanist
    • Henri Perrier de la Bâthie (1873-1958) French botanist
    • Christian Hendrik Persoon (1761-1836) biologist
    • Paul Petard (1912-1980) French botanist
    • Charles Pickering (1805-1878) American naturalist
    • Gregory Goodwin Pincus biologist
    • Rodolfo Amando Philippi (1808-1904) German-Chilean zoologist
    • Constantine John Phipps (1744-1792) English explorer
    • Charles Pickering (1805-1878) American naturalist
    • Reginald Innes Pocock (1863-1947) British taxonomist (mammals and arachnids)
    • Felipe Poey (1799-1891) Cuban zoologist
    • Joel Roberts Poinsett (1779-1851) US botanist
    • Thomas Littleton Powys 4th Baron Lilford (1833-1896) English ornithologist
    • Karel Presl (1794-1852) Bohemian botanist
    • Nicholas Michailovitch Prjevalsky (1839-1888) Russian explorer
    • Alice Pruvot-Fol (1873-1972) French malacologist
    • Frederick Traugott Pursh (1774-1820) German-American botanist
    • Paul Émile de Puydt '(1810-1888) Belgian botanist

    Q

    • Jean René Constant Quoy French zoologist

    R

    • Gustav Radde (1831-1903) German naturalist
    • Thomas Stamford Raffles (1781-1826) founder/first president of the Zoological Society of London
    • C S. Rafinesque (1783-1840) zoologist who described many North American species
    • John Ray (1627-1705 English naturalist
    • Francesco Redi biologist
    • Heinrich Gustav Reichenbach (1823-1889) German orchidologist
    • Ludwig Reichenbach (1793-1879) German botanist and ornithologist
    • John Richardson (1787-1865) Scottish naturalist
    • Charles Wallace Richmond (1868-1932) American ornithologist
    • Robert Ridgway (1850-1929) American ornithologist
    • Henry Nicholas Ridley (1855-1956) British botanist
    • Martin Rodbell (1925-1998) biologist
    • Austin Roberts (1883-1948) South African zoologist
    • Alfred Romer (1894-1973) specialist in vertebrate paleontology
    • Robert Rosen (1934-1998) theoretical biologist
    • Harald Rosenthal hydrobiologist
    • Miriam Rothschild (born 1908) British entomologist
    • Walter Rothschild 2nd Baron Rothschild (1868-1937) British zoologist
    • William Roxburgh (1759-1815) Scottish botanist
    • Eduard Rüppell (1794-1884) German naturalist

    S

    Sa-So

    • Joseph Sabine (1770-1837) English naturalist
    • Julius von Sachs (1832-1897) German botanist
    • Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire (1772-1844) French naturalist
    • Isidore Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire (1805-1861) French zoologist
    • Edward James Salisbury (1886-1978) British botanist
    • Richard Anthony Salisbury (1761-1829) British botanist
    • William Saunders (1822-1900) US botanist
    • Horace-Bénédict de Saussure (1740-1799) Swiss naturalist
    • Marie Jules César Savigny (1777-1851) French zoologist
    • Thomas Say (1787-1843) American naturalist
    • Charles Schuchert (1858-1942) paleontology
    • Theodor Schwann (1810-1882) German physiologist
    • Friedrich Schlechter (1872-1925) German botanist
    • Hermann Schlegel (1804-1884) German ornithologist
    • Matthias Jakob Schleiden (1804-1881) German co-founder of the cell theory
    • George Schoener (1864-1941) German-American botanist
    • Heinrich Wilhelm Schott (1794-1865) German botanist
    • Johann Christian Daniel von Schreber (1739-1810) German naturalist
    • Leopold von Schrenck (1826-1894) Russo-German zoologist
    • Georg August Schweinfurth (1836-1925) German botanist
    • Philip Sclater (1829-1913) English zoologist
    • Giovanni Antonio Scopoli (1723-1788) Italian-Austrian naturalist
    • Henry Seebohm (1832-1895) English ornithologist
    • Prideaux John Selby (1788-1867) English botanist and ornithologist
    • Nikolai Alekseevich Severtzov (1827-1885) Russian naturalist
    • Richard Bowdler Sharpe (1847-1909) English zoologist
    • George Shaw (1751-1813) English botanist and zoologist
    • Rupert Sheldrake (born 1942) biologist
    • George Ernest Shelley (1840-1910) English ornithologist
    • Philipp Franz von Siebold (1796-1866) German botanist
    • George Gaylord Simpson (1902-1984) American paleontologist
    • Rolf Singer (1906-1994) German born mycologist
    • Andrew Smith (1797-1872) Scottish zoologist
    • James Edward Smith (1759-1828) English botanist
    • John Maynard Smith (1920-2004) biologist
    • Daniel Solander (1733-1782) Swedish botanist

    Sp-Sy

    • Lazzaro Spallanzani (1729-1799) biologist
    • Anders Sparrman (1748-1820) Swedish naturalist
    • Roger W. Sperry (1913-1994) biologist
    • Johann Baptist von Spix (1781-1826) German naturalist
    • Herman Spoering Finnish botanist
    • Kurt Sprengel (1766-1833) German botanist
    • Richard Spruce (1817-1893) English botanist
    • Agustin Stahl (1842-1917) Puerto Rican zoologist and botanist
    • Edward Stanley 13th Earl of Derby (1775-1851) English naturalist
    • Japetus Steenstrup (1813-1897) Danish zoologist
    • Leonhard Hess Stejneger (1851-1943) Norwegian zoologist
    • Georg Wilhelm Steller , (1709-1746) Russian ornithologist
    • James Francis Stephens (1792-1853) English zoologist
    • Kaspar Maria von Sternberg (1761-1838) Bohemian botanist
    • Karl Stetter (born 1941) German microbiologist
    • Nettie Maria Stevens (1861-1912) biologist
    • Gottlieb Conrad Christian Storr (1749-1821) German naturalist
    • Erwin Stresemann (1889-1972) German ornithologist
    • Carl Jakob Sundevall (1801-1875) Swedish zoologist
    • William Swainson (1789-1855) English ornithologist
    • Jan Swammerdam (1637-1680) entomologist microscopist
    • Robert Swinhoe (1836-1877) English naturalist
    • Colonel W. H. Sykes (1790-1872) English ornithologist

    T

    • Wladyslaw Taczanowski (1819- 1890) Polish zoologist
    • Armen Takhtajan (born 1910) Russian botanist
    • Coenraad Jacob Temminck (1778-1858) Dutch zoologist
    • Peter Gustaf Tengmalm (1754-1803) Swedish naturalist
    • Theophrastus biologist
    • Johannes Thiele (1860-1935) German zoologist and malacologist
    • Michael Rogers Oldfield Thomas (1858-1929) British zoologist
    • Carl Peter Thunberg (1743-1828) Swedish naturalist
    • Samuel Tickell (1811-1875) British ornithologist
    • Agostino Todaro (1818-1892) Italian botanist
    • John Torrey (1796-1873) US botanist first professional in New World
    • Joseph Pitton de Tournefort (1656-1708) French botanist
    • John Kirk Townsend (1809-1851) American ornithologist
    • Abraham Trembley (1710-1784) Swiss naturalist
    • Henry Baker Tristram (1822-1906) English ornithologist
    • Robert Trivers (born 1943) evolutionary biologist
    • Bernard Tucker (1901-1950) English ornithologist
    • Edward Tuckerman (1817-1886) US botanist
    • Marmaduke Tunstall (1743-1790) English ornithologist
    • Ruth Turner marine biologist

    V

    • Martin Vahl (1749-1804) Norwegian botanist
    • Sebastien Vaillant (1669-1722) French botanist
    • Achille Valenciennes (1794-1865) French zoologist
    • Francisco Varela (1946-2001) Chilean biologist
    • Nikolai Vavilov Soviet botanist
    • Craig Venter biologist
    • Edouard Verreaux (1810-1868) French naturalist
    • Jules Verreaux (1807-1873) French botanist and ornithologist
    • Louis Jean Pierre Vieillot (1748-1831) French ornithologist
    • Nicholas Aylward Vigors 1785-1840) Irish zoologist
    • Rudolf Virchow (1821-1902) German biologist
    • Karel Voous (1920-2002) Dutch ornithologist

    W

    • Johann Georg Wagler (1800-1832) German herpetologist
    • Warren H. Wagner (1920-2000) US botanist
    • Göran Wahlenberg (1780-1851) Swedish naturalist
    • Barry Wakeman (1939-2004) American naturalist
    • Nathaniel Wallich (1786-1854) Danish botanist
    • Deepal Warakagoda (born 1965) Sri Lankan ornithologust
    • Charles Waterton (1782-1865) English naturalist
    • James D. Watson (born 1928) Nobel Prize-winning biologist co-discoverer of the structure of the DNA molecule
    • Alfred Russel Wallace (1823-1913) British naturalist and biologist
    • Philip Barker Webb (1793-1854) English botanist
    • August Weismann (1834-1914) German biologist
    • Friedrich Welwitsch (1806-1872) Austrian botanist
    • Alexander Wetmore (1886-1978) American ornithologist
    • Gilbert White (1720-1795) English naturalist
    • John White (c1756-1832) English botanist
    • Prince Alexander Philipp Maximilian zu Wied-Neuwied (1782-1867) German explorer & biologist
    • Francis Willughby (1635-1672) English ornithologist & ichthyologist
    • Alexander Wilson (1766-1813) Scottish-American ornithologist
    • E A. Wilson (1872-1912) English naturalist
    • Edward O. Wilson American myrmecologist and father of sociobiology
    • Henry Witherby (1873-1943) British ornithologist
    • William Withering (1741-1799) English botanist
    • Carl Woese American microbiologist
    • Sewall Wright (1889-1988) biologist

    X

    • John Xantus de Vesey (1825-1894) American zoologist

    Y

    • William Yarrell (1784-1856) English naturalist

    Z

    • Floyd Zaiger (1926 - ), fruit genetics
    • Eberhard August Wilhelm von Zimmermann (1743 - 1815) German zoologist
    • Karl Alfred von Zittel (1839-1904) German palaeontologist
    • Joseph Gerhard Zuccarini (1797-1848) German botanist