• 107328  Infos
This is a chronological list of empires dated according to their length of existence

A


EmpireOriginCapitalFromToDemiseNote
AbbasidModern-day IraqBaghdad7501517See also Umayyad Empire
AchaemenidPersia Anshan650 BC330 BCaka Persian Empire
AkkadianSumerAkkad2350 BC2150 BC
AlmohadMoroccoMarrakech and later on Seville Spain11471262See also Almoravids
AlmoravidMoroccoMarrakech10731147See also Almohads
American EmpireThe States of America]Washington DC1932PresentCurrently only World superpower Not a de jure empire It referred to economic and cultural influence
Armenianmodern day ArmeniaTigranakert95 BC60 BCTigranes was named as the king of kings
AssyrianMesopotamiaAssur1920 BC609 BCExact origin at Upper Tigris river
AthenianAncient GreeceDelos island477 BC431 BCAlso known as 'Delian League It was an association of Greek city-states
AustrianModern day AustriaVienna18041867Replaced the Holy Roman Empire
Austro-HungarianCentral EuropeVienna18671918Replaced the Austrian Empire
AztecMesoamericaTenochtitlan13751521Destroyed by invasion of Spanish EmpireThe capital of Mexico Mexico City is built on the ruins of Tenochtitlan

B


EmpireOriginCapitalFromToDemiseNote
BabylonianMesopotamiaBabylon1900 BC1600 BCSee also Neo-Babylonian Empire
BelgianBelgiumBrussels19011962overseas possessions were referred to as "the colonies" rather than as an empire
BrazilianBrazilRio de Janeiro18221889Established by the Portuguese royal family went into exile in Brazil after Napoleonic occupation of Portugal
BritishBritainLondon15831997It refers to economic and cultural influence and holds many overseas territories Largest Empire in world history
First Bulgarian EmpireDanube deltaPliska Preslav Ohrid6811018Founded by the Bulgar ruler Asparukh Under Tsar Simeon I became the first powerful Slavic Empire Falls to the Byzantine Empire under Basil the Bulgar-Slayer
Second Bulgarian EmpireVeliko TarnovoVeliko Tarnovo11851396Destroyed by invasion of Ottoman EmpireSuccessor of the First Bulgarian Empire Under the Tsars Kaloyan and Ivan Asen II became the most powerful state on the Balkans
ByzantineAsia MinorConstantinople3951453Destroyed by invasion of Ottoman EmpireTerm conventionally used since the 19th century to describe the Greek-speaking Roman Empire during the Middle Ages

C



EmpireOriginCapitalFromToNote
Central AfricanCentral African RepublicBangui19771979Jean-Bédel Bokassa declared himself Emperor Bokassa in 1977
ChalukyaIndiaVatapi6001200see Chalukya dynasty
CheraSouthern IndiaVanchi MuthurBC15th centuryA Tamil empire
ChineseChinaDepends on the era and dynasties221 BC1911See Qin Dynasty and Qing Dynasty
CholaSouthern IndiaThanjavur and later Gangaikonda Cholapuram9th century13th centuryA Tamil empire
ColombianColombiaBogota18191831see Gran Colombia

D



EmpireOriginCapitalFromToNote
DutchNetherlandsAmsterdam1620 - See also Dutch East Company]

E


EmpireOriginCapitalFromToNote
ElamiteIlam Province Persia Anshan and Susa 2700 BC539 BC
Egyptian EmpireEgypt AfricaMemphis 3150 BC31 BC

F


EmpireOriginCapitalFromToNote
FatimidEgyptCairo9101171
First French EmpireFranceParis18041814
First Colonial FrenchFranceParis16051803
Second French EmpireFranceParis18521870
Second Colonial FrenchFranceParis1830-
FrankishGaulAachen (Aix-la-Chapelle)5th century10th century

G


EmpireOriginCapitalFromToNote
GallicRhineland-PalatinateAugusta Treverorum260274In Latin Imperium Galliarum
GermanGermanyBerlin18711918
GhanianWest of Sahel AfricaKoumbi Saleh7501068The Empire became known in Europe and Arabia as the "Ghana Empire" by the title of its ruler (meaning "Warrior King")
Ghaznavid EmpireGreater IranGhazni9631187See also Persian Empire
Golden HordeCentral AsiaSarai13781502Broke up of the Mongol Empire
Great MoraviaMitteleuropa/Central EuropeMorava833900The word "Moravia" did not refer only to present-day Moravia
Gupta EmpireIndian subcontinentUjjain240550

H


EmpireOriginCapitalFromToNote
HaitianNorth AmericaPort-au-Prince18041806Jean-Jacques Dessalines declared himself Emperor
HarshaIndiaKannauj606647
HebrewIsraelJerusalem1050 BC920 BCaka "United Kingdom of Israel and Judah" later divided to Kingdom of Israel until 720 BC and Kingdom of Judah until 586 BC
HittiteAnatoliaHattusa now named Boğazkale Turkey1460 BC1180 BCSee also Neo-Hittite
HoysalaIndiaBelur10001400
HungarianCentral Europe10001918

I


EmpireOriginCapitalFromToNote
IncanPeruCusco14381533
Indus Valleyspread over present IndiaPakistanAfghanistanMohenjo-DaroHarappaLothal3300 BC1700 BCSee Indus Valley Civilisation
IrishIrelandArmagh10051014
ItalianModern day ItalyRome18851941

J


EmpireOriginCapitalFromToNote
JapaneseJapanTokyo18711945See also Meiji Era Taisho Era and Showa Era

K


EmpireOriginCapitalFromToNote
KhmerNowadays CambodiaAngkor8021462seceded from the kingdom of Chenla
KongoSouthwest AfricaMbanza Kongo14001888BaKongo kingdom that dominated West Central Africa and included parts of modern day Angola Republic of the Congo and the western portion of the Democratic Republic of the Congo
KoreanKorean PeninsulaSeoul18971910See also Goryeo
KhwarAfghanistan11th Century1220

L


EmpireOriginCapitalFromToNote
LatinAsia MinorConstantinople12041261See also Crusader states

M


EmpireOriginCapitalFromToNote
MacedonianGreecePella338 BC309 BCFounded by Alexander the Great
MagadhanAncient IndiaRajagriha (modern Rajgir)684 BC26 BCSee also Mahajanapadas and Maurya Empire
MaliWest AfricaNiani12351600A Mandinka empire founded by Sundiata Keita
MarathaIndian subcontinentSatara16741818Also known as the Maratha Confederacy
MauryanAncient IndiaPataliputra321 BC185 BCFounded by Chandragupta Maurya Ashoka the Great transformed it into the first Buddhist empire
First Mexican EmpireModern-day Mexico18221823Preceded the Second Mexican Empire which was short lived (1864-1867) See also Mexican Imperial Orders
Second Mexican EmpireModern-day Mexico18641867Succeeded the First Mexican Empire which was short lived (1822-1823) See also Mexican Imperial Orders
Micronesian EmpireMicronesia Pacific OceanYapunknownunknown
MingChinaBeijing13681644
MitanniSouthern AsiaTaite and Washshukanni (Khabur River)c 1500 BCc 1200 BCFounded by Indo-Aryans
MongolMongoliaKarakorum12061368split into four parts (Yuan Dynasty Il-Khanate Chagatai Khanate and Golden Horde)
MughalIndiaPakistanAgra and Delhi15261857Founded by Babur "Mughal" is a Persian word for the Mongols

N


EmpireOriginCapitalFromToNote
NicaeanAnatoliaNicaea12041261

O


EmpireOriginCapitalFromToNote
OttomanAnatoliaDepends on the period12991923Capitals were Söğüt Bursa Edirne and lastly Istanbul

P


EmpireOriginCapitalFromToNote
PalaBengalPataliputra7501174
PalmyreneSyria Palmyra260273broke off the Roman Empire during the Crisis of the Third Century
PandyanIndiaMadurai1st century AD14th centuryConsidered by contemporary historians as being the richest country in the world
ParthianPersiaCtesiphon200 BC224See Persian Empire
PortuguesePortugalLisbon14151999Was the earliest and longest lived of the colonial Western European empires

Q


EmpireOriginCapitalFromToNote
QingChinaBeijing16361912Last dynasty of the Imperial Period

R


EmpireOriginCapitalFromToNote
RashidunSaudi ArabiaRiyadh632661
Holy RomanCentral EuropeNone8431806Also known as The Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation' See also Roman Empire
RomanModern ItalyRome509BC/http://enwikipediaorg/wiki/Roman_republic27 BC476(West)/1453(East)See also Byzantine Empire Holy Roman Empire Roman Republic and Imperium
RussianRussiaSaint Petersburg17211917formed from the powerful medieval state of Muscovy

S


EmpireOriginCapitalFromToNote
SassanidPersia Ctesiphon224642Second Persian Empire
SatavahanaIndiaPaithan(Pune)230 BC199Indian Middle Kingdoms Middle kingdoms of India
SeleucidPersia Seleucia then Antioch323 BC60 BC
SeljukAral Sea Asia MinorRay Iran and later on Isfahan10371194
SerbianSerbian KingdomSkopje13451371fell into feudal disarray
SerbianModern-day northern Vojvodina SerbiaSubotica15261527 state of a mercenary Jovan Nenad
SiamThailandAyutthaya Thonburi and Bangkok13451909
SikhPunjab regionLahore18011849Preceded the British Empire in the Indian subcontinent
SonghaiWest AfricaGao15th century16th centuryone of the largest African empires in history Replaced Mali Empire
SovietRussiaMoscow19221991Not a de jure empire It referred to economic and cultural influence
SpanishIberian peninsulaMadrid1492 - Was the first truly global empire
SwedishScandinaviaStockholm16111718

T


EmpireOriginCapitalFromToDemiseNote
TeotihuacanoMesoamericaTeotihuacán300 BC600/700 BCTeotihuacán translated as "city where men become gods"
Third ReichGermanyBerlin19331945Destroyed by invasion of Allied forces in WWIINazi Germany signed a treaty (Tripartite Pact) with the Japanese and Italian Empires
TibetanTibetLhasa7th century11th century
TimuridPersia and Central AsiaSamarkand and later on Herat14011505Persianized form of the Mongolian word kürügän
TrebizondBlack SeaTrebizond - modern name Trabzon12041461Successor state of the Byzantine Empire
Tu'i TonganTonga Pacific OceanMu'a950 AD1500 ADSee History of Tonga

U


EmpireOriginCapitalFromToNote
UmayyadSyriaDamascus and later on Cordoba Spain6611492Descendants of Prophet Muhammad
Ur IIISumerUr2100 BC2000 BCThe dynasty/empire is also known as the Sumerian Renaissance

V


EmpireOriginCapitalFromToNote
VedicIndiaVarious over many dynasties600 BC1200See Kingdoms of ancient India and Mahajanapadas
VenetianNortheast ItalyVenice9th century1797More a republic than an empire Also known as The Most Serene Republic of Venice
VijayanagaraSouth IndiaDeccan13361660The founding of the original kingdom was based on the principality of Anegondi

W


EmpireOriginCapitalFromToNote

X


EmpireOriginCapitalFromToNote

Y


EmpireOriginCapitalFromToNote

Z


EmpireOriginCapitalFromToNote
Zulu Kwa Buluwayo

See also