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List of phytochemicals in food

    The following is a list of phytochemicals present in commonly consumed foods
    Phenolic compounds
    • monophenols
      • apiol – dill parsley
      • carnosol – rosemary
      • carvacol – oregano thyme
      • rosemarinol – rosemary
    • flavonoids (polyphenols) – red blue purple pigments
      • flavonols
        • quercetin – garlic onions tea wine apples cranberries buckwheat beans
        • gingerol – ginger
        • kaempferol – strawberries gooseberries cranberries peas brassicates chives
        • resveratrol – grape skins and seeds wine nut peanuts
        • rutin – citrus fruits buckwheat parsley tomato apricot rhubarb tea
      • flavanones
        • hesperidin – citrus fruits
        • silybin – milk thistle
      • flavones
        • apigenin – chamomile celery parsley
      • flavan-3-ols
        • catechins – white tea green tea black tea grapes wine apple juice cocoa lentils black-eyed peas
      • anthocyanins (flavonals) – red wine many red purple or blue fruits and vegetables
        • pelargonidin – bilberry raspberry strawberry
        • peonidin – bilberry blueberry cherry cranberry peach
        • cyanidin – red apple & pear bilberry blackberry blueberry cherry cranberry peach plum hawthorn loganberry cocoa
        • delphinidin – bilberry blueberry
        • malvidin – bilberry blueberry
      • isoflavones (phytoestrogens)
        • daidzein (formononetin) – soy alfalfa sprouts red clover chickpeas peanuts other legumes
        • genistein (biochanin A) – soy alfalfa sprouts red clover chickpeas peanuts other legumes
        • glycitein – soy
      • dihydroflavonols
      • chalcones
      • coumestans (phytoestrogens)
        • coumestrol – red clover alfalfa sprouts soy peas brussels sprouts
    • phenolic acids
      • ellagic acid – walnuts strawberries cranberries blackberries guava grapes
      • gallic acid – tea mango strawberries rhubarb soy
      • salicylic acid – peppermint licorice peanut wheat
      • tannic acid – nettles tea berries
      • vanillin – vanilla beans cloves
      • capsaicin - chilli peppers
      • curcumin – turmeric mustard (Oxidizes to vanillin)
    • hydroxycinnamic acids
      • caffeic acid – burdock hawthorn artichoke pear basil thyme oregano apple
      • chlorogenic acid – echinacea strawberries pineapple coffee sunflower blueberries
      • cinnamic acid – aloe
      • ferulic acid – oats rice artichoke orange pineapple apple peanut
      • coumarin – citrus fruits maize
    • lignans (phytoestrogens) – flax seeds and flour whole grains berries
      • silymarin – artichokes milk thistle
      • matairesinol – flax seed sesame seed rye bran and meal oat bran poppy seed strawberries blackcurrants broccoli
      • secoisolariciresinol – flax seeds sunflower seeds sesame seeds pumpkin strawberries blueberries cranberries zucchini blackcurrant carrots

    Terpenes (isoprenoids)
    • carotenoids (tetraterpenoids)
      • carotenes - orange pigments
        • alpha carotene – to vitamin A in carrots pumpkins maize tangerine orange
        • beta carotene – to vitamin A, in dark leafy greens and red orange and yellow fruits and vegetables
        • gamma carotene
        • delta carotene
        • lycopene – tomatoes grapefruit watermelon guava apricots carrots
        • neurosporene
        • phytofluene – star fruit sweet potato orange
        • phytoene – sweet potato orange
      • xanthophylls - yellow pigments
        • cantaxanthin – paprika
        • cryptoxanthin – mango tangerine orange papaya peaches avocado pea grapefruit kiwi
        • zeaxanthin – spinach kale turnip greens maize eggs red pepper pumpkin oranges
        • astaxanthin
        • lutein – spinach turnip greens romaine lettuce eggs red pepper pumpkin mango papaya oranges kiwi peaches squash legumes brassicates prunes sweet potatoes honeydew melon rhubarb plum avocado pear

    • monoterpenes
      • limonene – oils of citrus cherries spearmint dill garlic celery maize rosemary ginger basil
      • perillyl alcohol – citrus oils caraway mints
    • saponins – soybeans beans other legumes maize alfalfa
    • lipids
      • phytosterols – almonds cashews peanuts sesame seeds sunflower seeds whole wheat maize soybeans many vegetable oils
        • campesterol - buckwheat
        • beta sitosterol – rice bran wheat germ corn oils fennel peanuts soybeans hawthorn basil buckwheat
        • gamma sitosterol
        • stigmasterol – buckwheat
      • tocopherols (vitamin E)
      • omega-369 fatty acids – dark-green leafy vegetables grains legumes nuts
        • gamma-linolenic acid – primrose borage blackcurrant

    Organosulfides
    • dithiolthiones (isothiocyanates)
      • sulphoraphane – brassicates
    • indoles (glucosinolates)
      • indole-3-carbinol – cabbage kale brussels sprouts rutabaga mustard greens
    • thiosulphonates (allium compounds)
      • allyl methyl trisulfide – garlic onions Leek chives shallots
      • diallyl sulfide – garlic onions leeks chives shallots

    Protein
    • protease inhibitors – soy seeds legumes potatoes eggs cereals

    Other organic acids
    • oxalic acid – orange spinach rhubarb tea and coffee banana ginger almond sweet potato bell pepper
    • phytic acid (inositol hexaphosphate) – cereals nuts sesame seeds soybeans wheat pumpkin beans almonds
    • tartaric acid – apricots apples sunflower avocado grapes

    Disclaimer: This list is at present incomplete and may contain errors It is the compilation of many months of research but as I am no biochemist some of the categorizations may be inaccurate