'''Political opportunity theory''' sometimes also known as the '''political process theory''' is a theory of social movements gronded in political sociology
Political opportunity theory
argues that the actions of the activists are dependent on a broader context (in other
words on the existence - or lack of - of a specific political opportunity)
[David S. Meyer Protest and Political Opportunities Annual Review of Sociology Vol 30: 125-145 (Volume publication date August 2004) (doi:101146/annurevsoc30012703110545) ]
Meyer (2004) in his overview of political opportunity theory
noted that this broader context can affect:
- "advancing particular claims rather than others"
- "cultivating some alliances rather than others"
- "employing particular political strategies and tactics rather than others" and
- "affecting mainstream institutional politics and policy"