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Spacecraft

    Image:Ariane 5 Rosetta launch large.jpg|right|150px|thumb||Ariane 5 lifts off with the Rosetta probe on 2nd of March 2004 A spacecraft is a vehicle that travels through space Spacecraft include robotic or unmanned space probes as well as manned vehicles The term is sometimes also used to describe artificial satellites which have similar design criteria

    Overview

    The term spaceship is generally applied only to spacecraft capable of transporting people
    A spacesuit has at times been called a miniature spacecraft or spaceship emphasizing its purpose of keeping its wearer alive while traveling in the vacuum of outer space
    The spacecraft is one of the primal elements in science fiction Numerous short stories and novels are built up around various ideas for spacecraft Some hard science fiction books focus on the technical details of the craft while others treat the spacecraft as a given and delve little into its actual implementation

    A few examples of existing spacecraft

    • Cassini-Huygens
    • Cluster
    • Genesis
    • International Space Station
    • Mir
    • Pioneer 10
    • Pioneer 11
    • Progress
    • Shuttle Buran
    • Shenzhou
    • Space Shuttle
    • SOHO
    • Soyuz spacecraft
    • SpaceShipOne
    • Stardust
    • Vostok spacecraft
    • Voyager 1
    • Voyager 2
    • WMAP

    Proposed spacecraft

    • Crew Vehicle]
    • Kliper
    • list of 25 in various stages of development in 2004

    Fictional spacecraft

    There have been countless fictional spacecraft including:-
    • The spacecraft in From the Earth to the Moon which Jules Verne wrote in 1865
    • C-57D (Forbidden Planet)
    • Galasphere 347 (Space Patrol - puppet series)
    • Fireball XL5
    • TARDIS (Doctor Who) - an unconventional time/space vessel
    • USS Enterprise (Star Trek)
    • Millennium Falcon (Star Wars)
    • Nebuchadnezzar which Morpheus captains in The Matrix
    • Prometheus (Stargate SG-1)
    • Liberator (Blake's 7)
    • Nostromo (Alien)
    • White Star (Babylon 5)
    • Lexx - a living spaceship
    • Moya (Farscape) - another living spaceship
    • Battlestar Galactica from the television series of the same name
    • Jupiter 2 (Lost in Space)
    • GSV or General System Vehicle a sentient cruiser/habitat (from The Culture series of novels)
    • SDF-1 Macross (From Macross and Robotech - television series)
    • Red Dwarf

    See also

    • attitude control
    • expendable launch systems
    • List of fictional spaceships
    • space shuttle
    • starship
    • spacecraft propulsion
    • thruster
    • UFO

    External links