• 107328  Infos

Streptomycin

    '''Streptomycin''' was the first of a class of drugs called aminoglycosides to be discovered and was the first antibiotic remedy for tuberculosis It is derived from the actinobacteria|actinobacterium ''Streptomyces griseus''
    It was first isolated on October 19 1943 by Albert Schatz a research student at Rutgers University New Jersey USA However according to academic tradition Schatz's supervisor Professor Selman Abraham Waksman took credit for his student's discovery and received the Nobel prize in Physiology in 1952 Schatz was belatedly awarded the Rutgers medal in 1994 at the age of 74
    Streptomycin cannot be given orally but must be administered by regular intramuscular injection

    References

    • Mistiaen Veronique Time and the great healer The Guardian Saturday 2 November 2002 The history behind the discovery of streptomycin
    • Lawrence Peter A. (2002) The misallocation of credit is endemic in science Nature 415 (6874) 835-836
    • Kingston William (2004) Streptomycin Schatz v. Waksman and the Balance of Credit for Discovery Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences 59 (3) 441-462