• 107328  Infos

Thermal expansion coefficients of the elements (data page)

    == Thermal expansion ==
    ×10-6 m · m−1 · K−1
    3 Li lithium
    use 46
    CRC 46
    LNG 46
    WEL 46
    4 Be beryllium
    use 113
    CRC 113
    LNG 113
    WEL 113
    5 B boron
    use 5–7
    LNG 5–7
    WEL 6
    6 C carbon
    use
    WEL 71
    11 Na sodium
    use 71
    CRC 71
    LNG 71
    WEL 71
    12 Mg magnesium
    use 248
    CRC 248
    LNG 248
    WEL 82
    13 Al aluminium
    use 231
    CRC 231
    LNG 231
    WEL 231
    14 Si silicon
    use 26
    WEL 26
    19 K potassium
    use 833
    CRC 833
    20 Ca calcium
    use 223
    CRC 223
    LNG 223
    WEL 223
    21 Sc scandium
    use (room temperature) (alpha polycrystalline) 102
    CRC 102
    CR2 (room temperature) (alpha amorphous) 76
    CR2 (room temperature) (alpha crystalline) 153
    CR2 (room temperature) (alpha polycrystalline) 102
    LNG 102
    WEL 102
    22 Ti titanium
    use 86
    CRC 86
    LNG 86
    WEL 86
    23 V vanadium
    use 84
    CRC 84
    LNG 84
    WEL 84
    24 Cr chromium
    use 49
    CRC 49
    LNG 49
    WEL 49
    25 Mn manganese
    use 217
    CRC 217
    LNG 217
    WEL 217
    26 Fe iron
    use 118
    CRC 118
    LNG 118
    WEL 118
    27 Co cobalt
    use 130
    CRC 130
    LNG 130
    WEL 130
    28 Ni nickel
    use 134
    CRC 134
    LNG 134
    WEL 134
    29 Cu copper
    use 165
    CRC 165
    LNG 165
    WEL 165
    30 Zn zinc
    use 302
    CRC 302
    LNG 302
    WEL 302
    31 Ga gallium
    use
    CRC 18
    LNG 120
    WEL 120
    32 Ge germanium
    use 60
    LNG 60
    WEL 6
    34 Se selenium
    use (amorphous) 37
    LNG (amorphous) 37
    38 Sr strontium
    use 225
    CRC 225
    LNG 225
    WEL 225
    39 Y yttrium
    use (room temperature) (alpha polycrystalline) 106
    CRC 106
    CR2 (room temperature) (alpha amorphous) 60
    CR2 (room temperature) (alpha crystalline) 197
    CR2 (room temperature) (alpha polycrystalline) 106
    LNG 106
    WEL 106
    40 Zr zirconium
    use 57
    CRC 57
    LNG 57
    WEL 57
    41 Nb niobium
    use 73
    CRC 73
    LNG 73
    WEL 73
    42 Mo molybdenum
    use 48
    CRC 48
    LNG 48
    WEL 48
    44 Ru ruthenium
    use 64
    CRC 64
    LNG 64
    WEL 64
    45 Rh rhodium
    use 82
    CRC 82
    LNG 82
    WEL 82
    46 Pd palladium
    use 118
    CRC 118
    LNG 118
    WEL 118
    47 Ag silver
    use 189
    CRC 189
    LNG 189
    WEL 189
    48 Cd cadmium
    use 308
    CRC 308
    LNG 308
    WEL 308
    49 In indium
    use 321
    CRC 321
    LNG 321
    WEL 321
    50 Sn tin
    use 220
    CRC 220
    LNG 220
    WEL 22
    51 Sb antimony
    use 110
    CRC 110
    LNG 110
    WEL 11
    55 Cs caesium
    use 97
    CRC 97
    56 Ba barium
    use 206
    CRC 206
    LNG 206
    WEL 206
    57 La lanthanum
    use (room temperature) (alpha polycrystalline) 121
    CRC 121
    CR2 (room temperature) (alpha amorphous) 45
    CR2 (room temperature) (alpha crystalline) 272
    CR2 (room temperature) (alpha polycrystalline) 121
    LNG 121
    WEL 121
    58 Ce cerium
    use (room temperature) (gamma polycrystalline) 63
    CRC 63
    CR2 (room temperature) (gamma amorphous) 63
    CR2 (room temperature) (gamma polycrystalline) 63
    LNG 63
    WEL 63
    59 Pr praseodymium
    use (room temperature) (alpha polycrystalline) 67
    CRC 67
    CR2 (room temperature) (alpha amorphous) 45
    CR2 (room temperature) (alpha crystalline) 112
    CR2 (room temperature) (alpha polycrystalline) 67
    LNG 67
    WEL 67
    60 Nd neodymium
    use (room temperature) (alpha polycrystalline) 96
    CRC 96
    CR2 (room temperature) (alpha amorphous) 76
    CR2 (room temperature) (alpha crystalline) 135
    CR2 (room temperature) (alpha polycrystalline) 96
    LNG 96
    WEL 96
    61 Pm promethium
    use (room temperature) (alpha polycrystalline) est 11
    CRC est 11
    CR2 (room temperature) (alpha amorphous) est 9
    CR2 (room temperature) (alpha crystalline) est 16
    CR2 (room temperature) (alpha polycrystalline) est 11
    LNG est 11
    WEL 11
    62 Sm samarium
    use (room temperature) (alpha polycrystalline) 127
    CRC 127
    CR2 (room temperature) (alpha amorphous) 96
    CR2 (room temperature) (alpha crystalline) 190
    CR2 (room temperature) (alpha polycrystalline) 127
    LNG 127
    WEL 127
    63 Eu europium
    use (room temperature) (polycrystalline) 350
    CRC 350
    CR2 (room temperature) (amorphous) 350
    CR2 (room temperature) (polycrystalline) 350
    LNG 350
    WEL 35
    64 Gd gadolinium
    use (100 °C) (alpha polycrystalline) 94
    CRC (100 °C) 94
    CR2 (100 °C) (alpha amorphous) 91
    CR2 (100 °C) (alpha crystalline) 100
    CR2 (100 °C) (alpha polycrystalline) 94
    LNG (100 °C) 94
    WEL 94
    65 Tb terbium
    use (room temperature) (alpha polycrystalline) 103
    CRC 103
    CR2 (room temperature) (alpha amorphous) 93
    CR2 (room temperature) (alpha crystalline) 124
    CR2 (room temperature) (alpha polycrystalline) 103
    LNG 103
    WEL 103
    66 Dy dysprosium
    use (room temperature) (alpha polycrystalline) 99
    CRC 99
    CR2 (room temperature) (alpha amorphous) 71
    CR2 (room temperature) (alpha crystalline) 156
    CR2 (room temperature) (alpha polycrystalline) 99
    LNG 99
    WEL 99
    67 Ho holmium
    use (room temperature) (polycrystalline) 112
    CRC 112
    CR2 (room temperature) (amorphous) 70
    CR2 (room temperature) (crystalline) 195
    CR2 (room temperature) (polycrystalline) 112
    LNG 112
    WEL 112
    68 Er erbium
    use (room temperature) (polycrystalline) 122
    CRC 122
    CR2 (room temperature) (amorphous) 79
    CR2 (room temperature) (crystalline) 209
    CR2 (room temperature) (polycrystalline) 122
    LNG 122
    WEL 122
    69 Tm thulium
    use (room temperature) (polycrystalline) 133
    CRC 133
    CR2 (room temperature) (amorphous) 88
    CR2 (room temperature) (crystalline) 222
    CR2 (room temperature) (polycrystalline) 133
    LNG 133
    WEL 133
    70 Yb ytterbium
    use (room temperature) (beta polycrystalline) 263
    CRC 263
    CR2 (room temperature) (beta amorphous) 263
    CR2 (room temperature) (beta polycrystalline) 263
    LNG 263
    WEL 263
    71 Lu lutetium
    use (room temperature) (polycrystalline) 99
    CRC 99
    CR2 (room temperature) (amorphous) 48
    CR2 (room temperature) (crystalline) 200
    CR2 (room temperature) (polycrystalline) 99
    LNG 99
    WEL 99
    72 Hf hafnium
    use 59
    CRC 59
    LNG 59
    WEL 59
    73 Ta tantalum
    use 63
    CRC 63
    LNG 63
    WEL 63
    74 W tungsten
    use 45
    CRC 45
    LNG 45
    WEL 45
    75 Re rhenium
    use 62
    CRC 62
    LNG 62
    WEL 62
    76 Os osmium
    use 51
    CRC 51
    LNG 51
    WEL 51
    77 Ir iridium
    use 64
    CRC 64
    LNG 64
    WEL 64
    78 Pt platinum
    use 88
    CRC 88
    LNG 88
    WEL 88
    79 Au gold
    use 142
    CRC 142
    LNG 142
    WEL 142
    80 Hg mercury
    use 604
    CRC 604
    81 Tl thallium
    use 299
    CRC 299
    LNG 299
    WEL 299
    82 Pb lead
    use 289
    CRC 289
    LNG 289
    WEL 289
    83 Bi bismuth
    use 134
    CRC 134
    LNG 134
    WEL 134
    84 Po polonium
    use 235
    CRC 235
    90 Th thorium
    use 110
    CRC 110
    LNG 111
    WEL 110
    92 U uranium
    use 139
    CRC 139
    LNG 139
    WEL 139
    94 Pu plutonium
    use 467
    CRC 467
    LNG 467

    Notes

    All values refer to 25 °C unless noted

    References

    CRC

    As quoted from this source in an online version of: David R. Lide (ed) CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics 84th Edition CRC Press Boca Raton Florida 2003; Section 12, Properties of Solids; Thermal and Physical Properties of Pure Metals
    • Touloukian Y. S., Thermophysical Properties of Matter Vol 12, Thermal Expansion IFI/Plenum New York 1975

    CR2

    As quoted in an online version of:
    • David R. Lide (ed) CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics 84th Edition CRC Press Boca Raton Florida 2003; Section 4, Properties of the Elements and Inorganic Compounds; Physical Properties of the Rare Earth Metals
    which further refers to:
    • Beaudry B. J. and Gschneidner KA Jr in Handbook on the Physics and Chemistry of Rare Earths Vol 1, Gschneidner KA Jr. and Eyring L., Eds North-Holland Physics Amsterdam 1978 173
    • McEwen KA in Handbook on the Physics and Chemistry of Rare Earths Vol 1, Gschneidner KA Jr. and Eyring L., Eds North-Holland Physics Amsterdam 1978 411

    LNG

    As quoted from this source in an online version of: JA Dean (ed) Lange's Handbook of Chemistry (15th Edition) McGraw-Hill 1999; Section 4; Table 41 Electronic Configuration and Properties of the Elements
    • Touloukian Y. S., Thermophysical Properties of Matter Vol 12, Thermal Expansion Plenum New York 1975

    WEL

    As quoted at http://wwwwebelementscom/ from these sources:
    • DR Lide (Ed) in Chemical Rubber Company handbook of chemistry and physics CRC Press Boca Raton Florida USA 79th edition 1998
    • AM James and MP Lord in Macmillan's Chemical and Physical Data Macmillan London UK, 1992
    • GWC Kaye and TH Laby in Tables of physical and chemical constants Longman London UK, 15th edition 1993
    • JA Dean (ed) in Lange's Handbook of Chemistry McGraw-Hill New York USA 14th edition 1992